Civil

Civil Engineering



  • Civil Engineering is one of the broadest and oldest of the engineering disciplines, extending across many technical specialties. Civil Engineers plan, design, and supervise the construction of facilities essential to modern life like space satellites and launching facilities, offshore structures, bridges, buildings, tunnels, highways, transit systems, dams, airports, harbors, water supply system and wastewater treatment plants. A civil engineer is responsible for planning and designing a project, constructing the project to the required scale, and maintenance of the project. A civil engineer requires not only a high standard of engineering knowledge but also supervisory and administrative skills.
  • • Civil engineers are employed in all the major construction projects carried out by the state or central government like the public works departments (PWD), the railways and military. Civil Engineers are mostly required in private construction and real estate companies as project engineers.


Jobs where your degree would be useful include

  • Building control surveyor
  • Building control surveyor
  • Building services engineer
  • Engineering geologist
  • Quantity surveyor
  • Site engineer
  • Structural engineer
  • Water engineer


JOB OUTLOOK FOR CIVIL ENGINEERS


    • Employment of civil engineers is projected to grow 11 percent over the next ten years, faster than the average for all occupations. As current U.S. infrastructure experiences growing obsolescence, civil engineers will be needed to manage projects to rebuild, repair, and upgrade bridges, roads, levees, dams, airports, buildings, and other structures.
    • A growing population likely means that new water systems will be required while, at the same time, aging, existing water systems must be maintained to reduce or eliminate leaks. In addition, more waste treatment plants will be needed to help clean the nation's waterways. Civil engineers will continue to play a key part in all of this work.
    • The work of civil engineers will be needed for renewable-energy projects. Thus, as these new projects gain approval, civil engineers will be further involved in overseeing the construction of structures such as wind farms and solar arrays.


CAREERS RELATED TO CIVIL ENGINEERS


  • Architects: Architects plan and design houses, factories, office buildings, and other structures.
  • Civil Engineering Technicians: Civil engineering technicians help civil engineers to plan, design, and build highways, bridges, utilities, and other infrastructure projects. They also help to plan, design, and build commercial, industrial, residential, and land development projects.
  • Construction Managers: Construction managers plan, coordinate, budget, and supervise construction projects from start to finish.
  • Environmental Engineers: Environmental engineers use the principles of engineering, soil science, biology, and chemistry to develop solutions to environmental problems. They are involved in efforts to improve recycling, waste disposal, public health, and water and air pollution control.
  • Landscape Architects: Landscape architects design parks and the outdoor spaces of campuses, recreational facilities, businesses, private homes, and other open areas.
  • Surveyors: Surveyors make precise measurements to determine property boundaries. They provide data relevant to the shape and contour of the Earth's surface for engineering, mapmaking, and construction projects.
  • Urban and Regional Planners: Urban and regional planners develop land use plans and programs that help create communities, accommodate population growth, and revitalize physical facilities in towns, cities, counties, and metropolitan areas.


CIVIL ENGINEER SALARIES


  • The median annual wage for civil engineers is $83,540. The median wage is the wage at which half the workers in an occupation earned more than that amount and half earned less. The lowest 10 percent earned less than $53,470, and the highest 10 percent earned more than $132,880.The median annual wages for civil engineers in the top industries in which they work are as follows:
  • Federal government, excluding postal service
  • Local government, excluding education and hospitals
  • Engineering services
  • State government, excluding education and hospitals
  • Nonresidential building construction
  • -
  • -
  • -
  • -
  • -
  • $92,320
  • $88,370
  • $82,710
  • $80,200
  • $77,170
  • Civil engineers typically work full time, and about 3 in 10 work more than 40 hours per week. Engineers who direct projects may need to work extra hours in order to monitor progress on projects, to ensure that designs meet requirements, and to guarantee that deadlines are met.

The most sought-after countries